It’s hard to overestimate the importance of the international project "Seliger" for
This project can be an example of an effective way to
harmonious, steady self-sufficient development of natural and economic-social
components of many Russian territories that have lack of oil and gas resources.
A unique mechanism of strategic territorial
development, focused on specificity of modern Russian economy, national
traditions and international requirements and standards is developed in the
project.The information-analytical complex of territory management is developed
on the basis of Bayesian intelligent technologies for realization of principles
and methodology of strategic development.
Useful products that can be easily applied with the
projects of other territories are created. There are:
- "investment projects portfolio"
- "electronic investments
book" of size of constituent territory of the federation and its
- materials of methodical and
advertising kind (multilingual support)
- multilingual portal of the
- cadastres of territory:
- cadastre of natural resources;
- cadastre of social sphere;
- cadastre of hunting activity;
- cadastre of fishing activity;
- cadastre of forestry activity;
- cadastre of investment projects;
- power cadastre;
- ecological cadastre;
- economic cadastre;
- cadastre of information and
- cadastre of transport;
- cadastre of tourism.
- the complex scheme of
strategic marketing of territory
- concrete detailed plans of
- the program for staff
training and management
Authors of the project hope that the accomplished work
will be useful, both in the way of application of the created methodological
basis, and in the way of use of the received practical results for
administration of constituent territories of the Russian Federation,
municipalities, heads of the organizations and as a whole – for the persons who
make management decisions in conditions of risks and uncertainties.
Seliger Natural Territory is located in Tver region of Russian Federation.
The territory includes 3 areas: Ostashkovsky,
Penovsky, Selizharovsky. Their total area exceeds 8600 km2.
The areas are located on Valdai
Hills and contain many lakes of glacial origin, that were formed
11-70 thousand years ago.
Seliger is one of the most beautiful lakes of Russia and it is located on the territory of Tver
and Novgorod regions between Moscow
and St. Petersburg (360 km from Moscow
and 480 km from St. Petersburg).
The biggest city on Seliger is Ostashkov (22000 people). Other big cities –
Ostashkovsky area was established in 1929 on the
territory of former district Ostashkovsky. There were 176,6 thousand people
living in Ostashkovsky district in 1913. Agriculture and fishery were main
occupations of the population. Wain, sledge, lime burning, furniture crafts,
production of boats, felt boots, pottery began to develop ffter the reform of
1861. Tannery took the first place as branch of industry .
The foundation of Ostashkov is dated 1371, though this
date has only indirect relevance to modern city. A small city Klichen located
on same-name island was mentioned for the first time in 1371. In 1393 it has
been wiped off the map by dwellers of Novgorod.
According to the legend the survived population moved to the territory of
modern city. On May 28 1770 Ostashkov had obtained city status by edict of
Catherine the Great. Since 1784 Ostashkov was under reconstruction in
accordance with new general plan which foresaw the streets and lanes to
intercross at right angle. Many buildings of 18-19 centuries remain untouched
because Ostashkov wasn"t affected much by war with Nazi occupants, though
the defence line lied along west shore
of Seliger. The main
target of the enemy strikes was the railway station.
The oldest library of Tver region (1833) is located in
Ostashkov. The first public amateur theatre was opened in 1805.
A famous monastery, Nilo-Stolobenskaya Pustyn’ that
was established in 1594 is located on the island Stolobensky of lake Seliger.
Ostashkov is the center of tourism and rest on lake Seliger
and Verhnevolzhskie lakes today.
The area is located in upper reaches of the rivers
Volga and Zapadnaya Dvina on southwest spurs of Valdai
hills, with many lakes and rivers.
The area is populated for a long time. There is an
ancient portage spot between lakes Peno and Ohvat. In 12-13 centuries lands of
Penovsky area were a part of Toropetskoe princedom.
After construction of the railway Velikie Luki –
Bologoe in 1906 sawmills arose on the place of present-day settlement Peno.
This year is considered to be the year of establishment of Peno settlement.
During the Great Patriotic war since 1941 till 1942
Penovsky area has been occupied. On November 22 1941 a partisan Liza Chaykina
has been executed .
A unique architectural monument, the Church of John
the Baptist on Shirkov churchyard is preserved on the shore of lake Vselug.
Lake Vselug with many gulfs is a favourite place of tourists now.
In 10 km from Peno there is "Orlinka” recreation center.
Forest is the defining factor of economic activity of people
in the area. The main enterprises like JSC "Penovsky DOK", the branch
of JSC " Discovery Agrostroy", "Volga-wood" produce bolt
timber, saw-timbers, window blocks. Private entrepreneurs, cooperative
societies, farming enterprises operate in the area. Construction of roads and
dwelling houses is conducted.
A network of schools, regional and 12 rural cultural
centers, a cinema, a library, a musical school function in the area.
Monk Nestor had mentioned districts of Selizharovo for
the first time under the name of Okovsky forest in his chronicles. The memory
of ancient Okovsky forest was kept in the name of Okovtsy settlement.
According to the historical sources, Selizharovo was
mentioned in 1504 in spiritual letter of prince of Volotsk Ivan Borisovich.
Whitsun Selizharov monastery stood on a high hill, in
a place of its confluence with Volga, in the
mouth of Selizharovka river. According to the historians, it has been founded
on the boundary of XV-XVI centuries and it was a great landowner. 100 villages
belonged to it in 1705.
The first school appeared in Selizharovo in 1742. It
was founded at the monastery for the children of clergymen.
In 1862 Selizharovo has been transformed into posad. A
municipal duma (council) have been founded in Selizharovo for posad’s management.
Owing to geographical position Selizharovo became the center of transportation
and resale of wood. Businessmen, merchants-industrialists appeared here. They
sold building wood to Moscow,
fire wood to Tver.
The Soviet authority in Selizharovo has been
proclaimed on February, 18th, 1918. In 1921 an electrification of the area has
begun. After revolution the industrial production has started to grow in the
area. developed Tailoring, furnace manufacturing, carpentry, blacksmithing,
production of things from wood and a some of other crafts started to develop.
In the first month of the Great Patriotic War
Selizharovo has appeared on one of the most importantr sites of Reserve front
that blocked the way to Kalinin and Moscow. On October, 20th,
1941 the Germans have seized settlement Selizharovo and have almost completely
About 7 thousand people haven’t come back home. They
have given the lives for the Victory. Many have bee awarded with orders and
medals of courage and heroism. Seven became Heroes of the Soviet
After the war Selizharovo has been rebuilt quickly.
One of the largest, stably working enterprises is JSC " Wood-processing
factory of Selizharovo ".
The enterprises of the food-processing industry are
represented by joint-stock company "Butter factory of Selizharovo", a
bread-baking complex and a cannery.
There is a significant stock of rubble and gravel in
the area. Their extraction and processing are carried out by joint-stock
company "Selizharovo open cast".
Joint-stock company "Flax-processing plant of
Selizharovo" is engaged in processing of flax . JSC "Construction
materials combine of Selizharovo", located in settlement Selishche is the
only enterprise of the region that produces lime powder.
The glass factory works since 1959. Thermoses and
spare flasks for them were the main products till 1996. Christmas-tree
decorations (up to 80 titles) are issued nowadays. Production of insulators and
laboratory utensils is mastered.
Regional forestry, wood-processing factory and logging
enterprise carry out protection and reproduction of forests and processing of
The most powerful teleradiotransferring station of
Tver region works on the territory of the area.
There are 28 schools, local cultural center, center of
organizational-methodical work and leisure, centralized library system,
children"s musical school, cinema "Volga", 12 rural film
projectors in the area.
The network of medical institutions of the area
consists of district hospital with a polyclinic and a day and night clinic,
Selischenskaya, Okovetskaya and Bolshekoshinskaya ambulance stations and 23
feldsher’s stations. There are 170 shops working, 130 from them are privately
Selizharovsky area attracts many tourists. Temple complex in
settlement Golenkovo beckons pilgrims. It was built in 1847. Two unique faience
iconostases are preserved till our times.
Magnificence of woods, many streams and rivers (there
are 28 of them in the area), lakes make this territory unique. A well-known
tourist route "Around the world” passes through Selizharovo. All the rivers
give their waters and power to Volga. The
first hydraulic engineering construction upon Volga
was built in 1847 near Selische settlement. It’s chute which has provided
navigation upon the Top Volga and upon the river Selizharovka.
Lake Volgo is especially picturesque and rich with and fish
stocks. Since 1978 there is a camp site "Chayka” on its shore in the pine
For almost 500 years people come from all corners of Russia to the
sacred Okovetsky spring. Water here is special. Its temperature is about 4
degrees for the whole year. It is curative, that’s why people are trying to
drink it, to recover, and to be filled with life-giving force. The water of
this spring can be kept transparent and fresh for eternity.
List of objects for investment
Greenhouse (Botanic garden «Winter garden»)
Modern decorative and fruit nursery garden (heavy wood)
Trade fair of flowers
Parks and gardens
Illumination ( of parks, paths, lines)
Land improvement with use of small architectural forms
(arbors, bridges, fences for flowerbeds)td>
Horse-breeding centre +
Dairy farm + cheese
Development of deposits
Skiing lodge (Mounting skiing resort)td>
Boats and motor boats station
Halls for different kinds of sports
Winter kinds of sports
system of development management of Seliger
and methodology of management on the basis of Bayesian Intelligent Technologies
For obtaining of effective valuations, forecasts and
decisions on the basis of RBA (Regularizing Bayesian Approach that represents a
new direction of modern mathematics for processing of the information in
conditions of its significant ambiguity) BIT have been developed (Bayesian
Main principles of methodology of RBA are:
- The formalized integration of
polytypic (numerical and linguistic), incomplete and fuzzy information,
that is allocated in space and in time;
- Full metrological support of
decisions, control and quality management of decisions, estimation of risk
of their application;
- Self-organizing and
self-development of information technologies on the basis of obtaining and
generalization of knowledge.
management system on the basis of BIT
BIT (Bayesian integrating technologies) are intended
- Generation of intelligent
- Systems of monitoring;
- Supports of decision-making;
- Forming of hypotheses in
complex information conditions.
Management system includes several intelligentl
workstations. The distributed network unites all IWS, databases and knowledge
bases into the unified integrated system of information interchange.
There is a description of some separate IWS and
The program which is created on the base of
regularizing Bayesian approach and Bayesian Intelligent Technologies represents
a software environment that is realized in the form of a platform for
development of instruments of monitoring, audit, modeling, for evaluation of
condition risk, for multiobjective choice, for management decision-making with
the purpose of complex object, process or situation management in the case of
significant uncertainty with total control and management of quality and risk
of decisions. Applications for enterprises, territorial complexes, biological
communities, ecosystems, economical, energy, social, political, ecological
objects, business processes, business situations are developed.
Intelligent workstation of engineer-ecologist
represents a set of intelligent interfaces that provides access to
informational resources for all staff (participants of ecological management
processes). The set is embodied as mathematical software installed on PC. The
intelligent workstation is designed for ecological information gathering in
monitoring mode, for transfer and storage of ecological information, for
ecological audit, for ecological management support, for forming of ecological
management strategy. The Intelligent workstation provides the accomplishment of
the following functions: operation of debugged and controllable system of
ecological audit of processes that are directly linked with performance system
and that provides transparency of managed processes and objects;
- creation of united
informational space with a fast data access and efficient organizational
communications of executors;
- generation of decisions and
recommendations of high analytical level system;execution of training
Intelligent workstation of territory management
specialist on the base of BIT is intended for planning and effective management
of territorial development processes on the base of international requirements
and standards. IWS-Territory includes modules of management of scopes of
economical activity on the territory of the scale of local municipal object,
district, area, region. Building of hierarchical structures of territorial
management on the base of interrelation of these modules is foreseen. Modules
of compilation and keeping of cadastres of territorial natural and
social-economic resources, modules for certification of products and services,
standards ISO 9000 and ISO 14000, modules of budgeting and finance management
with estimation of performances of business activity efficiency and financial
stability of managing subjects and territory as a whole, modules of manpower
resources management, energy management of the territory, ecological safety and
environment protection management.
Informational-analytical system for development management of SPT
Bayesian integrating technologies (BIT) allow to create corporate information-analytical
networks of high processing and information power for solution of tasks of
electronic business, territories development management, economy, ecology,
rational wildlife management, investment and industrial management, quality
assurance of production, marketing, and other appendices.
Basis of construction and application of management
system on the basis of BIT for SNT.
The question of interaction of regional
administrations, interdistrict interaction, creation of a unified ecological
natural zone and mechanisms of its realization is relevant for SNT.
A distributed information-analytical system which is
constructed upon perspective information technologies, that is intended for
management of tourist business-processes in the scales of a tourist-recreational
zone should become the basis.
The information-analytical system should be
constructed on a mathematical platform, providing reliability and quality of
processes management on the basis of modern international requirements and
standards. Herewith the organization of business-processes of all enterprises
and objects of TRT and of the tourist complex as a whole should be based on the
basis of ISO 9000 and should provide ecological compatibility and functioning
of products and production according to standards ISO 9000 and to European
The main question is the question of preparation of the qualified
personnel which is lacking on the territory. For this purpose it is necessary
to develop a special program and to provide a full-scale work for preparation
of narrow subspecialties experts (hotel business, entertaining services,
improving services) with an opportunity of their self-training on the basis of
wide and filled up ken. Herewith the principle OHSAS 18000 and an opportunity
of independent training on the basis of perspective information technologies of
training of experts will be provided.
Prepared by Lukina O. The same thing in Russian.